The rarest skin color is Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 1, a condition that occurs in an estimated 1 per 20,000 people worldwide.
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 1, which is a type of albinism that affects both the skin and the eyes, is a congenital disorder characterized by extremely pale skin, white or pink hair, and almost translucent blue irises.
Albinism is caused by a genetic mutation that affects the production of melanin — which determines skin, hair, and eye color — resulting in little to no pigmentation throughout the body.
Although the answer is quite contradictory because albinism is the lack of pigment and, therefore, not a color itself, it's considered the "rarest skin color" due to its extremely low occurrence rate when compared to the rest of the population.
People with albinism not only have the rarest skin color but often have vision problems due to the lack of pigment in their eyes — which is what absorbs light to protect the eyes — so they may be extremely sensitive to light, known as photosensitivity, or even legally blind.
Therefore, they are required to wear sunglasses or special iris tint contact lenses to protect their eyes from the sun's harsh rays.
In addition, people with this condition are more prone to sunburns, and at risk of developing skin cancer, so they must take extra precautions to protect their skin from the sun.
As a result, they should take additional care when outdoors by wearing sunscreen and protective clothing to reduce the risk of skin damage from sunlight exposure.
Individuals with Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 1 should seek medical advice to ensure their skin and eyes are receiving the best possible care. If you have albinism and lack the resources to seek medical advice, here are 7 skincare tips that will help you take better care of your skin.
With the proper care and protection, individuals with albinism can lead full, healthy lives and enjoy all the same activities as everyone else. The key is to provide them with the resources they need to maximize their potential.
It's worth highlighting that all skin colors are beautiful and that the beauty of humanity lies in our immense diversity. It's important to recognize and celebrate all forms of beauty regardless of what society deems "beautiful."
No matter your skin color — or anyone else's — we are all unique in our way, which should be celebrated.
Note: This post should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition, and if you have any questions about albinism or other skin color variations, please consult with a qualified healthcare professional, ideally a licensed dermatologist.